THE HISTORY OF THE COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is one of the oldest initiatives of united Europe, having as its principal objective to eliminate food shortages and malnutrition within the European population. Launched in 1962, the common agricultural policy of the EU is a partnership between agriculture and society, and between Europe and its farmers.
Introduction of the CAP
MANAGEMENT OF OFFER AND ADAPTATION OF PRODUCTION TO THE NEEDS OF THE MARKET.
THE CAP SHIFTS FROM MARKET SUPPORT TO PRODUCER SUPPORT. PRICE SUPPORT IS SCALED DOWN AND REPLACED WITH DIRECT PAYMENTS TO FARMERS WHO ARE ENCOURAGED TO BE MORE ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY.
INTRODUCTION OF INCOME SUPPORT FOR FARMERS ON CONDITION THAT THEY FULFIL FOOD SAFETY, ENVIRONMENTAL, ANIMAL HEALTH AND WELFARE STANDARDS.
-PROMOTION OF ENVIRONMENTALY FRIENDLY MEASURES
-GREATER EQUALITY IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF SUPPORT
-BETTER TARGETING OF INCOME SUPPORT TO FARMERS MOST IN NEED
408,31 BILLIONS OF EURO
308,73 BILLIONS OF EURO IN DIRECT PAYMENTS AND MARKET SUPPORT MEASURES.
99,58 BILLIONS OF EURO FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT.
CAP after 2020
-FOCUS ON NEW ISSUES AFFECTING AGRICULTURE
-ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION
-PROMOTION OF INNOVATION AND USE OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES
The Common Agricultural Policy concerns:
- all EU Member-states,
- over 500 million consumers,
- over 22 million farmers and agricultural workers,
- 77% of the extent of the European Union (47% rural areas, 30% forest),
- 28% of the EU population that leaves in rural areas