CAP

THE HISTORY OF THE COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is one of the oldest initiatives of united Europe, having as its principal objective to eliminate food shortages and malnutrition within the European population. Launched in 1962, the common agricultural policy of the EU is a partnership between agriculture and society, and between Europe and its farmers.

  • 1962

    Introduction of the CAP

  • 1980

    MANAGEMENT OF OFFER AND ADAPTATION OF PRODUCTION TO THE NEEDS OF THE MARKET.

  • 1992

    THE CAP SHIFTS FROM MARKET SUPPORT TO PRODUCER SUPPORT. PRICE SUPPORT IS SCALED DOWN AND REPLACED WITH DIRECT PAYMENTS TO FARMERS WHO ARE ENCOURAGED TO BE MORE ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY.

  • 2003

    INTRODUCTION OF INCOME SUPPORT FOR FARMERS ON CONDITION THAT THEY FULFIL FOOD SAFETY, ENVIRONMENTAL, ANIMAL HEALTH AND WELFARE STANDARDS.

  • 2013

    CAP REFORM

    -PROMOTION OF ENVIRONMENTALY FRIENDLY MEASURES
    -GREATER EQUALITY IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF SUPPORT
    -BETTER TARGETING OF INCOME SUPPORT TO FARMERS MOST IN NEED

  • 2014-2020

    408,31 BILLIONS OF EURO

    308,73 BILLIONS OF EURO IN DIRECT PAYMENTS AND MARKET SUPPORT MEASURES.
    99,58 BILLIONS OF EURO FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT.

  • 2021

    CAP after 2020

    -FOCUS ON NEW ISSUES AFFECTING AGRICULTURE
    -ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION
    -PROMOTION OF INNOVATION AND USE OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES

The Common Agricultural Policy concerns:


  • all EU Member-states,
  • over 500 million consumers,
  • over 22 million farmers and agricultural workers,
  • 77% of the extent of the European Union (47% rural areas, 30% forest),
  • 28% of the EU population that leaves in rural areas